Short-Beam Strength Test | ASTM D2344, ISO14130, EN 2563, EN 2377, JC/T 773 | WZWA204D

ASTM D2344/D2344M-22 

Standard Test Method for Short-Beam Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials and Their Laminates

Significance and Use

5.1 In most cases, because of the complexity of internal stresses and the variety of failure modes that can occur in this specimen, it is not generally possible to relate the short-beam strength to any one material property. However, failures are normally dominated by resin and interlaminar properties, and the test results have been found to be repeatable for a given specimen geometry, material system, and stacking sequence (4).

5.2 Short-beam strength determined by this test method can be used for quality control and process specification purposes. It can also be used for comparative testing of composite materials, provided that failures occur consistently in the same mode (5) .

5.3 This test method is not limited to specimens within the range specified in Section 8, but is limited to the use of a loading span length-to-specimen thickness ratio of 4.0 and a minimum specimen thickness of 2.0 mm [0.08 in.].


1.1 This test method determines the short-beam strength of high-modulus fiber-reinforced composite materials. The specimen is a short beam machined from a curved or a flat laminate up to 6.00 mm [0.25 in.] thick. The beam is loaded in three-point bending.

1.2 Application of this test method is limited to continuous- or discontinuous-fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites, for which the elastic properties are balanced and symmetric with respect to the longitudinal axis of the beam.

1.3 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.

1.3.1 Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in brackets.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.




Test   for Short-Beam Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials and Their   Laminates

Maximum force



Φ10   mm pin

Height (H)

200   mm

Total width (W)

260   mm

Working temperature

-70℃ ~ 350℃

Test standards

ASTM   D2344, ISO14130, EN 2563, EN 2377, JC/T 773

Grip weight

8.9   kg

Specimen width

≤40   mm


6   ~ 50 mm, adjustable

Bending nose

R3   mm, exchangeable

Support roller

R1.5   mm, exchangeable